Towards an Egypto-Judaeo-Christian Anthropology of Religion and Theology
Those who speak about religion today are generally not conscious to what extent the term and its content are prejudiced by spatial conditions. The present essay is based on O. F. Bollnow's phenomenological 'anthropology of space' (1963). Bollnow reconstructs the development of human perception and conception of space. Having its origins in narrow environmental conditions of early settlement, it expands successively along cultural developments, gains control over increasingly wider territories and finally discovers - in Europe in the 14th century - the endless dimensions of the universe. This easily leads to the historico-methodological question: do we project evolved space concepts on ancient texts? Evidently an important question which is intimately connected with the modern Western self-interpretation and world-view. The positively critical answer of the following essay is focussed on Egypto-Judaeo-Roman-Christian lines of development. Territorio-political and constitutional aspects appear in the foreground. Maybe the text manages to convince the reader of the need for a 'copernic' turn: away from the Euro-scholastically based orders to exploit the globe, towards the globally human, towards the cross culturally comparative without apriori-values, in short, towards a new anthropology. Beyond modern historistic projections man has to be discovered anew, particularly to understand his factual responsibility in this world.